In today’s digital age, cybercrime is a growing concern for individuals, organizations, and governments worldwide. Pakistan is no exception to this trend, and the country has seen a significant increase in cybercrime in recent years. In this article, we will discuss the different types of cybercrime prevalent in Pakistan, the laws in place to address these crimes, and their effectiveness.

Types of Cybercrime in Pakistan


Hacking is a significant threat to online security in Pakistan. Hackers can gain unauthorized access to computers, networks, and online accounts to steal sensitive information, install malware, or cause disruption. Pakistan’s banking sector has been a particular target of hacking attacks in recent years, resulting in significant financial losses.

Identity Theft

Identity theft is another common cybercrime in Pakistan. Criminals can use stolen personal information, such as name, address, and social security number, to open fraudulent accounts, make purchases, or obtain loans. Pakistani citizens are also at risk of identity theft through fake social media profiles.


Cyberbullying is a growing problem in Pakistan, particularly among young people. Cyberbullies can use social media, messaging apps, or other online platforms to harass, intimidate, or humiliate their targets. Victims of cyberbullying can suffer from anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues.

Laws to Address Cybercrime in Pakistan

Pakistan has several laws in place to address cybercrime. The most significant of these is the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA) 2016, which criminalizes various forms of cybercrime, including hacking, identity theft, and cyberbullying. The law also provides for the establishment of a national cyber security council and a cyber crime reporting centre.

Effectiveness of Cybercrime Laws in Pakistan

While the introduction of PECA has been a positive step towards tackling cybercrime in Pakistan, its effectiveness has been questioned by some. Critics have argued that the law lacks clarity and may be used to suppress free speech and dissent. Additionally, the implementation of the law has been slow, and many cybercrime cases remain unsolved.


Cybercrime is a growing concern globally, and Pakistan is no exception. According to recent reports, Pakistan has witnessed a significant increase in cybercrimes over the last few years. Reports suggest that the primary forms of cybercrime in Pakistan include online harassment, identity theft, financial fraud, and hacking activities. (Cyber crimes on the rise in Pakistan, worldwide – The Express Tribune, n.d) Moreover, the lack of proper cybersecurity measures and awareness among Pakistani citizens has further exacerbated the issue. To combat this, the government has taken steps to increase cybersecurity by establishing institutions and implementing laws such as the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act 2016. However, there is still much work to be done in terms of creating awareness about cybersecurity and educating citizens regarding the potential risks associated with cybercrime. Cybercrime is a serious threat to the stability of society in Pakistan, and addressing this issue must be a top priority for stakeholders at every level. It is important to understand that cybercrime has become a severe problem in Pakistan, and immediate action needs to be taken at all levels of society. The government, institutions, and citizens, all play a role in combating cybercrime. In conclusion, cybercrime is a growing concern in Pakistan, and tackling this issue must be a collective effort.


Cyber crimes on the rise in Pakistan, worldwide – The Express Tribune. (n.d).

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